Smart Heritage in Smart City- Proceedings

SMART HERITAGE in Smart City, a first in the series of events that aim to understand broadly the concept of ‘Smart Heritage’ and analyze the meaning of ‘Smart Heritage within a Smart City’ as well as understand the application of the concept within the management of a ‘Smart City’. The first meet organized by INTACH Heritage Academy from 28th to 30th August, 2017 was held at Pune’s Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environment Education and Research’s (BVIEER) Auditorium with collaborative partners Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University (BVDU), Pune Biennale Foundation (PBF) and Dr Bhanuben Nanavati College of Architecture for Women (BNCA).

The event saw a number of professionals within the field share their ideas and intentions to pursue the objective of making Indian heritage ‘smarter’. A special field visit within the city where the participants got a direct experience through a background study of Pune city’s “Smart City” project.

The consultative meet also tried to study the initial effect that the ‘Smart City’ project has had on Heritage using the entire city as the study pool.

 CONCEPT NOTE

Background:

The term ‘Smart Heritage’ was coined in Spain at a joint meeting at a round table in 2014 at the International Biennial of Art and Heritage Management (AR&PA) in Valladolid, Spain about ‘India-Spain Co-operation in the field of Heritage Conservation and Management’.

During the conference, INTACH suggested to initiate a programme wherein a group of heritage experts, with diverse approaches would debate about challenges faced by heritage and the acts of heritage preservation and promotion in the wake of changing global scenarios, specifically in the case of ‘Smart’ cities. The idea was born out of an objective to transform these debates into a collection of ‘essential lessons’ to deliberate on smart heritage in smart cities.

Aim:

The general aim is to organize a three-day consultative meet to understand broadly the concept of ‘Smart Heritage’, analyzing the meaning of ‘Smart Heritage within a Smart City’ as well as understanding the application of the concept within the management of a ‘Smart City’. There will be a special field visit within the city where the participants will get a direct experience through a background study of the city’s “Smart City” project.

Objective:

The operational objective is to create awareness around the concept of “Smart Heritage” in Smart City. The consultative meet will also endeavor to make ideas like community participation, e-governance, and new operational technologies popular. The consultative meet will also try to study the initial effect that the ‘Smart City’ project has had on Heritage using the entire city as our study pool.

Learning outcomes:

Upon completion of this course the participants should be able to:

  • Understand the concept of Smart Heritage
  • Apply the concept in to produce a dossier of recommendations of the lessons learned in order to be transferrable to other Smart Cities in India.
  • Recognize the aspects within a Smart Heritage within a Smart City
  • Critically analyze the historical assets in cities as well as finding practical solutions to bridge the gap between heritage and urban development.
 CONTRIBUTORS:
  1. Mr Navin Piplani

Former Director of Studies and Hamlyn Feilden Fellow, Centre for Conservation Studies, The University of York, United Kingdom. He is currently appointed as the Principal Director, INTACH Heritage Academy, New Delhi.

  1. Dr Shikha Jain

As Director, DRONAH, she has lead more than 40 conservation projects across India in last 10 years and has represented India as a Cultural Heritage expert. She is also the State Convener of INTACH Haryana Chapter.

  1. Mr A.K. Das

A Civil Engineer by profession he is also the Co-convenor of INTACH Pondicherry Chapter.

  1. Ms Sanskriti Menon

Sanskriti Menon is Programme Director, Urban Programmes, at Centre for Environment Education (CEE). CEE is a national institute set up in 1984 as a centre of excellence of the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change.

  1. Ms Tejaswi Mehta

A post-graduate of Conservation Studies (Historic Buildings) she works with INTACH Heritage Academy as the Training Assistant.

  1. Ms Ritu Deshmukh

She is the Principal of Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Architecture, Navi Mumbai and was the coordinator of the Architectural Studies stream and also ran the post-graduate courses of Urban Planning and Environmental Conservation, YCMOU, Nashik affiliated.

  1. Dr Dinesh Katre

Dr. Dinesh Katre is the Chief Investigator for Centre of Excellence for Digital Preservation, which is a flagship project under the Indian National Digital Preservation Programme. He established and managed National Multimedia Resource Centre at C-DAC during 1998-2008.

  1. Ms Ashwini Pethe

She is a professor at Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Architecture. She is actively engaged with social trusts like Janaseva Foundation and professional bodies such as IIA, FEED and Constro. She has groomed the movement of Pune Biennale, since its inception, in the capacity of convener and program director.

  1. Mr Sharvey Dhongde

He is the Co-convener of INTACH Pune Chapter and the Associate Director at BNCA college. An architect by profession, Mr Sharvey is a prominent name in his field and also continues to serve the cause of conservation and sustainable development in Pune city.

  1. Mr Shyam Dhawale

He served as the Head of Department of Pune’s Heritage Cell, spearheading some of Pune city’s prime architectural restoration projects including the conservation work at Nana Chowk.

  1. Mr Kiran Kalamdani

He is the director at Kimaya’s which to date has completed over 100 projects of various sizes our most prestigious and successful works include New Annexe at Council Hall premises; Conservation of the Council Hall Building; ‘Revitalizing Environs of Shaniwarwada Pune’, etc.

  1. Ms Kavita Murugkar

A strong proponent of Universal Design, Kavita Murugkar is an architect and associate professor who has set up a Research and Training Centre for Universal Design at BNCA for promoting people centric and inclusive design education and practice.

  1. Dr Shubhada Kamalapurkar

She is the Founder-member of B N College of Architecture, Pune and Founder Member and Former Head of the Dept of Landscape Architecture, Savitribai Phule Pune University (2006-2015).She is currently Academic Head at the Institute.  She is also the active Member of INTACH, Pune Chapter.

FAQs:
  1. What are the minimum criteria for inclusion of Heritage in Indian cities?
  2. Is ‘Smart Heritage’ very technology driven?
  3. Why not sensitize/ introduce heritage issues from primary schools? This will make users smart.
  4. Is the government thinking about ‘Smart Heritage’ as lots of cities have sidelined the historic cores?
  5. Is the population of India the biggest hurdle when it comes to exercising the things such as kiosks on bicycle booths, etc. which are considered to be solutions to make heritage smart? Although we take these examples from the west is t really relevant in India?
  6. What can be minimum criteria of ‘Smart Heritage’ in Indian scenarios to be included in ‘Smart City’ planning?
  7. What is Shikha Jain’s opinion about National monument Act which imposes no development zone around National monuments?
  8. How can we initiate the ‘Smart Heritage’ process in smaller cities with lost heritage? Like in Jabalpur, we have a very strong history which dates back to the 10th century of Kalachuris dynasty, but now we have very few structural pieces of evidence left. How can we retain / regain / reconnect that heritage with the people?
  9. Why cannot we use the laser technology on marble/ wood monuments? Since laser technology is quick and not time-consuming, if this technology is applied on Taj Mahal it would reduce labour precision techniques and also save time, so why cannot it be used?
  10. Are there any drawbacks of virtual data saving for museums?
  11. I am not against technology, but i feel its just helping us in making our lives better but WE need to be SMART in order to use the technology in an efficient manner.